Appearance and human health depend on metabolism. Constant chemical reactions occur in a living organism, which regulate all vital processes, allow cells to grow and multiply, and the body as a whole to function successfully. The combination of all these reactions is called metabolism.
The process of metabolism is constant, regardless of the time of day. Some substances break down, others are created. Conventionally, this cycle can be divided into stages:
- intake of nutrients from food and inhalation of oxygen with air, which is also required for metabolism;
- absorption and distribution of nutrients in organs and tissues;
- removal of decomposition products.
When the supply and processing of nutrients are in balance, it is assumed that the body has a good metabolism. But if some process fails, the body functions fail, which leads to disease.
Metabolism is affected by:
- age of the person. It is proven that over the years metabolic processes inhibit, blood vessels become clogged, water-salt metabolism is disturbed;
- gender, men and women have different amounts of muscle mass, respectively, and the rate of metabolic reactions are different;
- hereditary predisposition;
- organic diseases, especially pathologies of the endocrine system;
- intoxication, including alcohol;
- lack of fluids and nutrients;
- stress and chronic fatigue;
- intensity of physical activity;
- errors in nutrition.
Let's review the last two points in detail.
When you move a lot, walk, run, swim, work out in the gym, you burn a lot of calories. Any physical activity increases metabolism. Constant hypodynamia, whole day at the computer, going to work only by car slow down metabolic processes.
Shift in nutrition: both excess and lack of nutrients can cause problems. Sweet and fatty foods cannot be processed properly and are deposited in extra kilograms, cause disorders of the digestive system, can lead to diabetes and gout. Repetitious diet, new diets with the exception of certain foods lead to metabolic disorders and lack of essential substances. The body loses reserves and loses strength.
Symptoms of metabolic disorders are different. Often patients complain of:
- abrupt change in weight;
- deterioration of the skin, hair and nails, skin rash;
- change of complexion;
- problems with thermoregulation: chills or sweating;
- pain in the bones and joints;
- dyspeptic disorders;
- swelling of the face or legs;
- breathing problems.
Sometimes lifestyle adjustments can help to improve your metabolism. It is necessary to normalize the diet. Include fresh fruits and vegetables in the diet. Eat regularly at intervals of 3-4 hours, the last meal - 3 hours before sleep. The ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates can be conventionally represented as a ratio of 1:1:4. Avoid drinking sweet carbonated beverages, snacks with trans fats and simple carbohydrates. Drink enough water. To speed up metabolism, nutritionists recommend drinking green tea and adding spices to food.
Go outdoors, go to the bath, do a massage - such procedures also speed up metabolism. Adjust your physical activity, get enough sleep and rest - these are the basic recommendations for improvement of metabolism and maintaining good health.
Important: if you notice symptoms, do not self-medicate, seek professional help. Such complaints are accompanied by many diseases. Only a doctor will be able to conduct an examination, identify the cause and prescribe treatment, especially if the metabolic disorders occurred with underlying chronic pathology. Let's familiarize with the groups of medicinal products that can be prescribed.
There is no separate group of medicinal products to improve metabolism. Depending on the cause of metabolic failure, the appropriate medicinal product is prescribed.
Enzymes are medicinal products that improve digestion by supplementing or replacing the body's own enzymes. They differ in the composition of enzymes and release forms.
Hypolipidemic medicinal products are used to reduce some fractions of lipids. Statins, fibrates, fatty acid sequestrants, nicotinic acid and other groups of medicinal products have hypolipidemic effects in different ways:
- help to reduce the synthesis of cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins;
- reduce the concentration of "bad" cholesterol in the blood;
- reduce the level of triglycerides, increase the level of high-density lipoproteins;
- bind bile acids and promote their excretion.
So-called fat burners are lipase inhibitors that prevent the digestion and absorption of fats in the gut. These products create a calorie deficiency and promote weight loss.
Anabolics are synthetic medicinal products that stimulate protein synthesis and bone calcification. They accelerate the formation of complex molecules from simpler ones with energy accumulation. They are prohibited as doping in sports. But they are able to recover resources after serious illness.
Medicinal products that reduce the feeling of hunger. Such medicinal products affect the centers of hunger and reduce appetite, maintain a feeling of satiety for a long period of time, but they are prescribed with caution.
Diuretics are used to remove excess fluid and toxins from the body. They have a quick effect. This group of medicinal products is used to treat diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidney and liver disease, to lower blood pressure, detoxification, weight loss. However, they can lead to dehydration, as they remove sodium from the body.
Hypoglycemic medicinal products that lower blood glucose. One group of these medicinal products is able to increase the production of endogenous insulin and thus inhibit glucose synthesis in the liver, the second group stimulates glycolysis, improves insulin sensitivity in muscles and delays the absorption of glucose in the intestine.
Vitamin and mineral complexes work as catalysts for biochemical functions in the body, as antioxidants, and normalize cellular metabolism. Most vitamins are not synthesized in the body, but can be taken with food. Microscopic doses of these substances are required for normal functioning. Lack of their intake into the body causes serious disorders in all types of metabolism.
Antihypoxants are the medicinal products that increase the utilization of oxygen by the body and increase resistance to hypoxia.
Antioxidants neutralize the action of free radicals or activate the body's antioxidant system.
Bioactive supplements are the complexes that contain vitamins, minerals, amino acids and other substances to optimize the diet. They are not medicinal products, but they can fill the deficiency of missing elements, they have biological activity and affect metabolism.
Folk remedies can also affect metabolism. Peppermint oil soothes and relieves anxiety, grapefruit oil eliminates cravings for sweets and helps to get rid of excess weight, vanilla oil activates vital energy, relieves anxiety, regulates metabolic processes, in particular affects carbohydrate metabolism. Put a few drops into the aroma lamp and enjoy the aroma.
Cinnamon stick will help to reduce appetite, if you feel very hungry, inhale its sweet aroma. Rose essential oil will help to lose weight, which also suppresses appetite and gives a feeling of joy and comfort.
Decoctions of fennel, dill herbs stimulate the gastrointestinal tract, help with flatulence and pain, cleanse the body, they have bactericidal and sedative effects.
The arsenal of medicinal products that affect metabolism is huge. Remember that uncontrolled use of medicinal products to improve metabolism can lead to disorders of the cardiovascular and endocrine systems. Sudden weight loss will worsen the condition of the skin, it will sag and lose elasticity. If you have diabetes, you will need special treatment. If the metabolism is disturbed due to pathology of the thyroid gland, the doctor will prescribe thyroid hormones or thyrostatics depending on the situation. In ovarian diseases - treatment with hormonal medicinal products is indicated.
The purpose of any therapy is to return the body to the ability to adjust metabolism and energy balance. Therefore, entrust medical treatment to healthcare professionals. Your area of responsibility: correction of lifestyle, rest and exercise, a balanced diet, drinking and positive emotions.