In the first half of the 20th century, wars and revolutions depleted the health of millions of people. By the 1950s, they learned to synthesize vitamins chemically and studied the role of individual vitamins and micronutrients in detail. Countries with high economic development have modernized agriculture and taken the path to improve the population. The global wellness trend and a conscious attitude to one's health encourage people to adjust their diet. While obesity, diabetes and a variety of chronic diseases associated with malnutrition continue to find new victims
Choice in favor of health: Japan and the USA
Today, the Japanese are considered a long-lived nation, but 50 years ago, the average life expectancy in this country was 54 and 56 years for men and women, respectively. Terrific atomic explosions have reduced birth rates and increased mortality. Since the 1980s, the Japanese government has subsidized research into the need for macro- and micronutrients for sustainable human development. Thus, a program to preserve the health of the nation was created.
Maintaining physical and mental health is of the highest value to the Japanese. 90% of modern Japanese take biologically active complexes. They are constantly monitoring the balance of the diet, and as a result, the life expectancy of the nation has increased to an average of 83 years old.
75% of the US adult population uses nutrients to maintain overall health. Multivitamin complexes are the most popular food supplement. The US government controls nutrient labeling and quality standards. 43% of the population of Germany and 59% of the population of Denmark consume nutrients. Europeans are focusing on immunomodulators and probiotics that improve overall physical health.
Consumption of dietary supplements in various countries:
- Japan - 90%
- USA - 75%
- Denmark - 59%
- Germany - 43%
- Russia - 7-8%
- Ukraine - 5-8%
Natural and geochemical conditions and poor nutrition affect the amount of micronutrient consumption by the population. If the diet can be made more balanced, it is impossible to influence the low content of microelements in soils of the country.
Iodine and selenium - world experience
Selenium is an important micronutrient necessary for the normal functioning of the thyroid gland. The World Health Organization recommends a micronutrient intake of 50-70 mcg (micrograms). During pregnancy, the need for selenium increases to 250 mcg in order to support normal fetal development and protect the body from oxidative stress. In Europe, about 40 mcg of selenium is consumed per day, and in the United States twice as much: 93 and 134 mcg by women and men, respectively.
World experience shows that the additional use of nutrients has a positive effect on the health of the nation. In the Chinese city of Qidong, 20000 people received selenium-enriched salt for 8 years. Dietary adjustments resulted in a 35% reduction in liver cancer.
Selenium is a synergist of iodine, thus in the absence of the selenium, iodine is not absorbed. According to the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Ukrainians consume from 40 to 80 mcg of iodine per day, which is lower than normal. Today in Japan, where in the post-war years high levels of radiation provoked iodine deficiency in the population, daily consumption reaches 20000 mcg. The main sources of micronutrients are seafood and edible algae, typical dishes for the country.
Culture of nutrient consumption in Ukraine
In Ukraine, the culture of consumption of biologically active complexes is at a low level, and there are no government programs to enrich certain products with nutrients. In the past, the health of mankind has deteriorated due to long wars and malnutrition. Currently, the cause of illness and feeling of constant fatigue is mostly a busy schedule of life and consumption of empty calories. The products give a feeling of satiety, but do not saturate the cells with beneficial macro- and micronutrients.
Ukrainians are still skeptical about the use of nutrients. Only 5-8% of the population supplement the diet with biologically active complexes. The world example of economically developed countries shows that longevity and general physical and mental health directly depend on a balanced diet.